Ст.н.с. д-р Румен Попов,
Ст.н.с. д-р Огнян Боюклиев,
Ст.н.с. д-р Мария Атанасова,
Ст.н.с. д-р Минка Анастасова-Чопева, Ст.н.с. д-р Иван Боевски,
Ст.н.с. д-р Нона Маламова,
Н.с. д-р Божидар Иванов
Институт по аграрна икономика София
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R. POPOV, O. BOIUKLIEV, M. ATANASOVA,
M. ANASTASOVA-CHOPEVA, I. BOEVSKY,
N. MALAMOVA, B. IVANOV
Institute of Agricultural Economics Sofia
The project's aim is the condition and development opportunities of the rural regions to be studied in regard to the application of the measures related to the third priority axis of the Second pillar of the CAP of the EU. The third axis improving the quality of life in the rural regions and diversification of the economic activity embodies the development support for micro and small enterprises, tourism and other services as well as the construction and improvement of the infrastructure and renovation of settlements. The project offers suggestions regarding the measures' structuring, the access to the programs by regions, the procedure rules, participation of the institutions and citizens interested in the preparation, selection, fulfillment of the projects aiming to achieve a maximum positive effect of the support.
Not less than 4% of the budget amount of the regional development strategy will be assigned by means of the “LEADER” approach on the basis of the local development strategies in response to the aims involving one or several priorities placed on one or several priorital axes.
The presented projects are to identify the territory which they concern, to account for the local conditions and decision making, to include the bottom-up approach and to include the decisions of innovative nature. This approach could be fruitful enabling the local communities' creative features to be used while the country's conditions are variable.
The discussed herewith project accounts for the good examples. Its execution consists of analysis on economic and social features of the rural areas, including employment, income, the condition and development perspectives of the regional labor market, possibilities of economic development of border communities Dragoman, Tran, Trekliano, Kiustendil, Trekliano, the experience of some rural communities in building up of a better social environment. Special attention is paid to the rural areas in the Western border line districts and the opportunities of the transfrontier collaboration, as well as to the village and agricultural tourism being a very promising choice in the economic activities' diversification.
Key words: economic activity, diversification, rural areas, priority axes.
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Статията е постъпила в редакцията на 7.04.2007 г.