Ст.н.с д-р Красимира Кънева,
Ст.н.с д-р Минка Анастасова
Институт по аграрна икономика - София
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K. KANEVA, M. ANASTASOVA
Institute of Agricultural Economics - Sofia
There are suggested several methodological approaches for measuring the solvency of the agricultural farms. The first one is based on the multimeasured statistical method for the reduction of the original factorial space determined by the following indicators: net intangible capital; liquidity: total fast liquidity, immediate liquidity, absolute liquidity; capital structure; financial independence; indebtedness. The application of this method on 280 agricultural farms of the Plovdiv region leads to a two-measure space. The derived main components are used for the construction of two independent measures for solvency of the agricultural farms. Together with the mentioned method, the method of the individual and of group-weighted coefficients is used. The results of the applied herewith methods are quite similar and give the basis for reasoning and the conclusion that about 18-20% of the studied farms are in good solvency position. The rest of them have a satisfactory level or belong to group of insolvenable farms. Compared to the traditional methods, the use of a common measure leads to a clearer picture of the agricultural farms' conditions regarding their solvency.
Key words: solvency, agricultural farms, principle of components.
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Статията е постъпила в редакцията на 21.11.2006 г.